N-D labeled arrays and datasets in Python

xarray (formerly xray) is an open source project and Python package that aims to bring the labeled data power of pandas to the physical sciences, by providing N-dimensional variants of the core pandas data structures.

Our goal is to provide a pandas-like and pandas-compatible toolkit for analytics on multi-dimensional arrays, rather than the tabular data for which pandas excels. Our approach adopts the Common Data Model for self- describing scientific data in widespread use in the Earth sciences: xarray.Dataset is an in-memory representation of a netCDF file.


xray is now xarray! See the v0.7.0 release notes for more details. The preferred URL for these docs is now http://xarray.pydata.org.

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xarray is available under the open source Apache License.


xarray is an evolution of an internal tool developed at The Climate Corporation. It was originally written by Climate Corp researchers Stephan Hoyer, Alex Kleeman and Eugene Brevdo and was released as open source in May 2014. The project was renamed from “xray” in January 2016.