class xarray.backends.CachingFileManager(opener, *args, **keywords)

Wrapper for automatically opening and closing file objects.

Unlike files, CachingFileManager objects can be safely pickled and passed between processes. They should be explicitly closed to release resources, but a per-process least-recently-used cache for open files ensures that you can safely create arbitrarily large numbers of FileManager objects.

Don’t directly close files acquired from a FileManager. Instead, call FileManager.close(), which ensures that closed files are removed from the cache as well.

Example usage:

manager = FileManager(open, ‘example.txt’, mode=’w’) f = manager.acquire() f.write(…) manager.close() # ensures file is closed

Note that as long as previous files are still cached, acquiring a file multiple times from the same FileManager is essentially free:

f1 = manager.acquire() f2 = manager.acquire() assert f1 is f2
__init__(opener, *args, **keywords)

Initialize a FileManager.

The cache and ref_counts arguments exist solely to facilitate dependency injection, and should only be set for tests.

opener : callable

Function that when called like opener(*args, **kwargs) returns an open file object. The file object must implement a close() method.


Positional arguments for opener. A mode argument should be provided as a keyword argument (see below). All arguments must be hashable.

mode : optional

If provided, passed as a keyword argument to opener along with **kwargs. mode='w' `` has special treatment: after the first call it is replaced by ``mode='a' in all subsequent function to avoid overriding the newly created file.

kwargs : dict, optional

Keyword arguments for opener, excluding mode. All values must be hashable.

lock : duck-compatible threading.Lock, optional

Lock to use when modifying the cache inside acquire() and close(). By default, uses a new threading.Lock() object. If set, this object should be pickleable.

cache : MutableMapping, optional

Mapping to use as a cache for open files. By default, uses xarray’s global LRU file cache. Because cache typically points to a global variable and contains non-picklable file objects, an unpickled FileManager objects will be restored with the default cache.

ref_counts : dict, optional

Optional dict to use for keeping track the number of references to the same file.


__init__(opener, *args, **keywords) Initialize a FileManager.
acquire([needs_lock]) Acquiring a file object from the manager.
close([needs_lock]) Explicitly close any associated file object (if necessary).