xray.ufuncs.log1p(*args, **kwargs)

xray specific variant of numpy.log1p. Handles xray.Dataset, xray.DataArray, xray.Variable, numpy.ndarray and dask.array.Array objects with automatic dispatching.

Documentation from numpy:

log1p(x[, out])

Return the natural logarithm of one plus the input array, element-wise.

Calculates log(1 + x).


x : array_like

Input values.


y : ndarray

Natural logarithm of 1 + x, element-wise.

See also

exp(x) - 1, the inverse of log1p.


For real-valued input, log1p is accurate also for x so small that 1 + x == 1 in floating-point accuracy.

Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each x there is an infinite number of z such that exp(z) = 1 + x. The convention is to return the z whose imaginary part lies in [-pi, pi].

For real-valued input data types, log1p always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields nan and sets the invalid floating point error flag.

For complex-valued input, log1p is a complex analytical function that has a branch cut [-inf, -1] and is continuous from above on it. log1p handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative number, conforming to the C99 standard.


[R37]M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, “Handbook of Mathematical Functions”, 10th printing, 1964, pp. 67. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/
[R38]Wikipedia, “Logarithm”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm


>>> np.log1p(1e-99)
>>> np.log(1 + 1e-99)