log1p= <xarray.ufuncs._UFuncDispatcher object>¶
xarray specific variant of numpy.log1p. Handles xarray.Dataset, xarray.DataArray, xarray.Variable, numpy.ndarray and dask.array.Array objects with automatic dispatching.
Documentation from numpy:
Return the natural logarithm of one plus the input array, element-wise.
log(1 + x).
x (array_like) – Input values.
None, optional) – A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.
out=None, locations within it where the condition is False will remain uninitialized.
**kwargs – For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.
ndarray) – Natural logarithm of 1 + x, element-wise. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.
exp(x) - 1, the inverse of log1p.
For real-valued input, log1p is accurate also for x so small that 1 + x == 1 in floating-point accuracy.
Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each x there is an infinite number of z such that exp(z) = 1 + x. The convention is to return the z whose imaginary part lies in [-pi, pi].
For real-valued input data types, log1p always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields
nanand sets the invalid floating point error flag.
For complex-valued input, log1p is a complex analytical function that has a branch cut [-inf, -1] and is continuous from above on it. log1p handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative number, conforming to the C99 standard.
M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, “Handbook of Mathematical Functions”, 10th printing, 1964, pp. 67. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/
Wikipedia, “Logarithm”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm
>>> np.log1p(1e-99) 1e-99 >>> np.log(1 + 1e-99) 0.0