log10= <xarray.ufuncs._UFuncDispatcher object>¶
xarray specific variant of numpy.log10. Handles xarray.Dataset, xarray.DataArray, xarray.Variable, numpy.ndarray and dask.array.Array objects with automatic dispatching.
Documentation from numpy:
Return the base 10 logarithm of the input array, element-wise.
x (array_like) – Input values.
None, optional) – A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.
where (array_like, optional) – This condition is broadcast over the input. At locations where the condition is True, the out array will be set to the ufunc result. Elsewhere, the out array will retain its original value. Note that if an uninitialized out array is created via the default
out=None, locations within it where the condition is False will remain uninitialized.
**kwargs – For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.
y – The logarithm to the base 10 of x, element-wise. NaNs are returned where x is negative. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.
- Return type
Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each x there is an infinite number of z such that 10**z = x. The convention is to return the z whose imaginary part lies in [-pi, pi].
For real-valued input data types, log10 always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields
nanand sets the invalid floating point error flag.
For complex-valued input, log10 is a complex analytical function that has a branch cut [-inf, 0] and is continuous from above on it. log10 handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative number, conforming to the C99 standard.
M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, “Handbook of Mathematical Functions”, 10th printing, 1964, pp. 67. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/
Wikipedia, “Logarithm”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm
>>> np.log10([1e-15, -3.]) array([-15., nan])